Eye care

The A to Z of eye diseases

Written by Charu Sharma

Maintaining good eye health is vital to preserveour sight.

There are many conditions that may affect our eyesight and eyes in general. So, the experts at House Call Doctor have put togethersome eye diseases, infections or illnesses that you need to be aware of.

The A to Z’s of eye conditions:

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration: This condition is caused by a problem with the macula, which is the centre of the retina.
  • Anisocoria:Where one pupil is bigger than the other.
  • Blurry eyes: There are many causes to blurry eyes such as eyestrain, fatigue and glaucoma.
  • Bulging eyes: Also known as proptosis, this condition where swelling of the fat, tissue and muscles behind the eye cause them to bludge out from the eye socket.
  • Cataracts: Mainly affecting people as they age, cataracts cause the eye lens to fog or mist over, making it difficult to see.
  • Chalazion: A bump that’s swollen in the eyelid.
  • CMV Retinitis: People with poor immune systems can suffer from CMV Retinitis which is an infection of the retinas.
  • Colour blindness: This condition causes people to have a colour vision deficiency, which makes people see colours differently than everyone else.
  • Conjunctivitis: Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a viral infection of the eye. The symptomsinclude redness, swelling, itching, watery eyes, and green-ish yellow discharge.
  • Diabetic Macular Oedema: This condition is caused by fluid build-up in the eye due to diabetes, which can make suffers have blurry vision.
  • Eyelid Twitching: This condition is where the eyelid twitches. This could be a symptom of another condition so watch out for more signs.
  • Glaucoma:The optic nerve becomes damaged from pressure caused by an accumulation of fluid in the eye.
  • Lazy eye: Also known as amblyopia, this condition develops in early childhood when the eye doesn’t get enough use, causing poor vision.
  • Ocular Hypertension: Pressure in the eye that has increased above what is considered the normal range.
  • Uveitis: A condition where there’s inflammation inside the eye which affects the uvea.

Symptoms of an eye infection

According to Web MD, the symptoms of an eye infection can show up in different areasof the eye including the eyelid, cornea (the clear surface covering the outside of the eye) and the conjunctiva (the thin area covering the inside of the eyelid and outer layer of the eye).

Common initial symptoms of an eye infection include:

  • Itchy eyes
  • Discomfort
  • Pain
  • Irritation
  • The affected eyecontinuously tearing up
  • Burning in the eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • A small, painful lump located under the eyelid and at the base of the eyelashes
  • The eyelid feels tender when touched.

If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, it’s recommended you consult with a doctor as soon as possible.

About the author

Charu Sharma